Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry concerned with the study of the growth of the craniofacial complex, the development of occlusion and the treatment of dentofacial abnormalities.
LINGUAL ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT
Today, the need for orthodontic treatment has increased considerably. Many adults and even some children refuse traditional orthodontic treatment for social reasons. Although ceramic brackets were produced for this purpose, lingual orthodontics represents the only solution from an esthetic point of view.
Invisalign treatment involves a series of clear plastic casings that aim to correct malaligned teeth. These aligners are lightweight and are comfortable to wear. There is no need for labial or lingual braces. Since these aligners are removable, patient compliance is required.
BONDING (ADHESIVE) SYSTEMS
Today, patients prefer minimally invasive procedures with high esthetics. By using bonding system, the colour and form of the teeth can be improved.
Lasers are used to reshape gums, to remove lesions in the mounth, to relieve pain of canker sores and to whiten the teeth.
Today, in the treatment of tooth loss, both aesthetic and function is provided better implants are used.
PEDIATRIC DENTAL PROCEDURES
Tooth decay is a progressive disease and begins in very young children. Early treatment is of great importance to preserve primary teeth. Early loss of primary teeth can cause crowding and malalignment. If a primary tooth is lost prematurely, then space maintainers should be applied.
Bleaching is a chemical procedure to lighten the color of the teeth. It can be performed in the dental office or at home. Lasers are used to speed up in office whitening procedures. As long as the patient avoids certain habits such as using tobacco products, drinking coffee, tea and dark drinks for about two weeks after application, the results could be maintained.
Gum disease is an infection of the gums surrounding the teeth. The first stage is gingivitis which occurs when bacterial palque is not sufficiently removed from the teeth. When left untreated gingivitis can progress into periodontitis affecting bone and ligaments that support the teeth. Non surgical and surgical procedures can be applied for treatment.
DENTAL FILLING AND ROOT CANAL TREATMENT
If a tooth is damaged by a decay, dental filling is applied to restore the tooth back to its original shape and function. Decayed tooth material is removed and a clean cavity is formed. Then this cavity is filled with special materials. If the tooth is badly decayed, infected or damaged as a result of trauma then root canal treatment is needed. Root canal treatments are performed to relieve tooth pain by removing nerves and dead tissue from the tooth. Then the root canal is filled with a special material and the tooth is restored permanently.
Dental implants are surgically positioned titanium roots to replace missing or damaged teeth. Dental implants function as the natural teeth and require the same care. Dental implants are safe and will last for as long as the patient cares fort hem.
If the orthodontic problem is so severe that niether growth modification nor camouflage offers a solution, then orthognatic surgery is the only possible treatment to reposition the jaws. Orthognatic surgery is performed when the growth is copmleted. It includes three stages. Presurgical orthodontics, surgery and postsurgical orthodontics.
Dental crown is a restoration that completely caps a tooth to restore it back to its original size, shape and color. Porcelain and zirconia crowns are widely used to achieve aesthetically pleasing results. If one or several teeth is missing a fixed dental bridge can be established. We also use veneers to restore fractured, defected or discolored tooth. Veneers are made of composite or porcelain. Veneers are also used to close diastemas between the teeth.
EXTRACTION OF WISDOM TEETH
Wisdom teeth are the third molars located in the back of the mouth. Since generally there isn’t enough room for wisdom teeth, they tend to come in at an angle or they don’t fully erupt. They can damage neighboring second molars or they can become decayed or infected.